Exercise and the Risk of Mild Cognitive Impairment: Does the Effect Depend on Vascular Factors?


Although exercise is associated with a lower risk for mild cognitive impairment (MCI), it is unclear whether its protective effect depends on the presence or absence of vascular factors.


In an exploratory study of data from a population-based cohort, 1254 participants aged 65+ years were followed for 10 years for incident MCI. The main effect of baseline total minutes of exercise per week (0 vs. 1 to 149 vs. 150+), and its interaction with several vascular factors, on risk for incident MCI was examined using Cox proportional hazards regression models, adjusting for demographics.


Compared with no exercise, 1 to 149 minutes [hazard ratio (HR)=0.90; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.69-1.16] and 150 or more minutes per week (HR=0.84; 95% CI, 0.66-1.07) of exercise lowered risk for incident MCI in a dose-dependent manner. The majority of…

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